Compared with other sources of energy, oil and gas continue to become primary sources of energy in Indonesia with the highest level of consumption. Apart from propping up almost one third of national revenue, oil and gas also significantly contribute to create job opportunities, supply the need of fuel, petrochemical industry which in turn effectively enhances investment and economy.

As a natural resource contained within the bowel of the earth, the constitution of the Republic of Indonesia asserts that the ownership and enterpreneurship of national oil and gas industry is controlled by the state and immensely benefitted to the welfare of people accordingly (constitution 1945, article 33). Furthermore, it is asserted through the law 22/2001 on oil and gas that the control by the state is administered by the government as the holder of mining right. It means, the government is entitled with authority to administer the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas throughout Indonesian territory.