Since its declaration on 6 June 2014, the Coordination and Supervision in mineral and coal mining sector (Korsup Minerba) initiated by Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) has been implemented in all provinces in Indonesia (31 provinces). A number of achievements proceeded from this initiative include the increase of non-tax revenue in mineral and coal mining sector in 2014 amounted IDR 10 trillion; the revocation/termination of 1500s mining permits in 31 provinces; and 9 Contract of Work and 22 Coal Contract of Work has signed the amendment of renegotiation.

However, huge problems still remained unsolved and urgently needs the concrete action from the government. For instance, 325 mining permits equals to 793 thousand hectare operate (illegally) in the conservation forest. Also 1,349 mining permits equals to 3.71 million hectare operate (illegally) in the protection forest.

Moreover, the total of non-tax revenue arrears from mining business entities by February 2017 amounted IDR 5,072 trillion, contributed by mining permits holder amounted IDR 3,949 trillion, Coal Contract of Work amounted IDR 1,101 trillion and 920 billion, and Contract of Work amounted IDR 20,636 billion (Investor Daily, 13 March 2017). Not to mention many mining companies are indicated have yet to pay the reclamation and post mining fund.

Besides that, as the deadline for evaluation of mining permits by province government passed on 2 January 2017, 3,203 of 9,443 mining permits still remained non-clean and clear. Also 5,800 of them has already expired (MEMR, 2 February 2017).

“So far, Korsup Minerba has revealed the problematic mining governance in Indonesia, including the compliance of business entities, coordination among Ministries/Institutions, also lack of openness,” said Dian Patria, team leader of Korsup Minerba, in the Civil Society Forum, entitled “Oversee the Follow Up of Coordination and Supervision KPK of Mineral and Coal Mining Sector in 2017”, held by PWYP Indonesia last (22-23 February).

“Besides the slow progress of government to follow-up the findings of Korsup Minerba, law enforcement, either from the legal or criminal aspect, and also the utilization of cross sectoral instrument, is still minimum,” said Dian Patria.

Maryati Abdullah, National Coordinator of PWYP Indonesia underlined that the success of Korsup Minerba can’t be separated from the role and contribution of CSO . For instance, in several provinces, civil society collaborated with the local government through several mechanisms, including joint monitoring, policy studies, field investigation, case reporting, and others.

Civil Society Forum has strategic role to evaluate and share the lesson learned, also formulate joint advocacy agenda in order to monitoring the follow up process of findings and recommendations from Korsup Minerba. Also promoting collaboration among CSOs with the government, such as MEMR, Ministry of Home Affairs, LAPOR!, Ombudsman Republic of Indonesia, and local governments. [ARY]