Throughout 2015, the new Jokowi-Jk Government’s 2014 election results were marked by a process of political consolidation and beautiful phases of ‘honeymoon’ with the people as the main constituents of the Government. Public expectations and promises of the campaign at the time of the elections are at stake with their commitment to materialize this year, especially whether the Government is able to lay the strategic foundation of the implementation of Nawa Cita through various policy blueprints – both in the medium and short/annual terms. Likewise in the oil and gas and mining sectors.

As the challenges of energy security are complicated in the midst of high fuel consumption and falling oil prices and other mining commodities, this sector continues to tidy up with various breakthroughs to resolve some of the ‘systemic’ issues of oil and gas and mining governance. Starting from upstream to downstream, concerning the heart of fiscal state revenues and taxes, laden with capital movements and corporate interests as well as political elites, also leaves a regulatory reform agenda that will never end and will continue into 2016. Towards the end of the year, the public was shocked by the #PapaMintaSaham uproar – a signaled ‘rent-seeking’ signal that almost eroded public confidence in political elites.

While at the level of ordinary people, at the end of the year – exactly 2 days ago, in the Kalimantan hemisphere, a victim of a mine pit fell again, a third-grade girl child became a victim of the 19th mine pit in East Kalimantan. Is our country serious about managing its natural resources?