JAKARTA JITUNEWS.COM – Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), Publish What You Pay (PWYP) criticized the Government and DPR RI plans to discuss tax amnesty clauses in the National Amnesty Bill (RUU), especially in the sector mining. The reason is, this clause is considered unfair and in fact, creates legal uncertainty.

Researcher of Indonesia’s Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Economic Policy, Wiko Saputra, revealed that the amount of illegal money flows in Indonesia reached IDR 227.75 trillion in 2014.

“Well, the mining sector contributes the largest portion in the flow of money aimed at avoiding or attempts at tax evasion, the amount is around Rp 23.89 trillion,” Wiko told the media recently, Jakarta.

Wiko said that usually, illegal money flows in the mining sector through fake invoice transactions. “Understandably, this is done by illegal mining actors, aka illegal mining,” he said.

In addition, Wiko continued, it also did not rule out the possibility of tax evasion crimes involving mining companies, both oil and gas (oil and gas), as well as minerals and coal on a large scale.

As an illustration, Wiko explained, the tax revenue realization data in the mining sector was only Rp 96.9 trillion. “Compared with the gross domestic product (GDP) of the mining sector which reached Rp. 1,026 trillion, it means that the ratio of tax revenue to GDP (tax ratio) is only 9.4%,” said Wiko.

According to him, based on the results of coordination between the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), it was found that 1,880 Mining Business Permits (IUP) did not have a Taxpayer Identification Number (NPWP). In fact, 2,741 companies were proven not to report their Tax Return (SPT).

Therefore, Wiko admitted that he objected to the plan to provide tax amnesty to entrepreneurs, including those in the mining sector who could potentially be involved in illegal mining and environmental damage. “Seeing the practice of tax crimes committed by mining companies, it is very unfair if they are given a pardon,” concluded Wiko.