The oil and gas sector known as migas in Indonesian is one of the strategic industrial sectors that is considered vulnerable to corrupt practices. This is proven by the results of the corruption perception survey in 2015 by Transparency International, which ranks oil and gas in third place after the construction and services business, as the business sector that has the largest percentage of bribes. Nevertheless, the oil and gas industry and the mining and forest sectors have the highest prevalence (intensity level) at national and local levels.

In other findings at the end of 2014, The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released a report that is stating the extractive or natural resource exploitation industries such as oil and gas were the most corrupt industries in the world. The OECD Foreign Bribery report showed that 19% of 427 corruption cases in 2014, came from the extractive industry sector and 23 % of the 176 cases prosecuted under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) came from the oil sector.

Oil and Gas Industry & The Challenges of Corruption Prevention in Indonesia

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