JOGLOSEMARNEWS.COM – The revision of Government Regulation (PP) Number 96 of 2021 concerning the Implementation of Mineral and Coal Mining Business Activities to become PP Number 25 of 2024 has been flooded with criticism.

President Jokowi signed PP Number 25 of 2024 on Thursday (30/5/2024). It is through Article 83A that the government grants mining permits to religious mass organizations.

This is what sparked a flood of criticism from left and right, because the revision was deemed to violate the Minerba Law.

Publish What You Pay (PWYP) researcher, Aryanto Nugroho, for example, said that PP 25 violates the Law on Minerals and Coal or the Minerba Law, especially Article 83A which regulates the offering of special mining business permit areas (WIUPK).

“In the Minerba Law, WIUPK offers for BUMN (state-owned enterprises), BUMD (regional-owned enterprises), private business entities. “There are no business entities owned by religious organizations,” said Aryanto in a written statement to Tempo, Friday (31/5/2024).

Aryanto also explained the many problems and risks that could arise if article 83A was implemented.

“Technical, institutional, environmental problems, potential horizontal conflicts, etc.,” he said.

Meanwhile, member of Commission VII DPR RI, Mulyanto, doubts the benefits of granting Special Mining Business Permits (IUPK) former Coal Mining Work Agreements (PKP2B) to a number of religious organizations.

Mulyanto is worried that giving IUPK priority to religious organizations will make mining governance even more chaotic.

“Now the issue of illegal mining is like a tangled thread. “Not to mention the alleged presence of high-ranking officials who are causing various cases to occur on the spot,” said Mulyanto in a written statement on Saturday (1/6/2024).

He also criticized the formation of the Integrated Illegal Mining Task Force, which to date has made no significant progress.

“Everything is still homework that needs to be completed,” said the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) politician.

Meanwhile, the Head of the Legal Division of the Mining Advocacy Network (Jatam), Muhammad Jamil, said that the idea of ​​granting mining permits to religious organizations is not a solution to existing mining problems.

“If all mass organizations can process mining permits without clear qualifications, then I think we are in ecological bankruptcy from the tip of Sumatra to Papua,” said Jamil in his message to Tempo, on Tuesday (14/5/2024).

Jamil admitted that legally there is no prohibition on mass organizations from managing mines. However, explained Jamil, instead of selling mining business permits to mass organizations, the government should focus more on mining problems.