Indonesia’s rapid and extensive decentralization transferred substantial licensing authority to sub-national government, resulting in a proliferation of mining permits. This policy brief outlines the results of investigations into the extractive industries conducted by PWYP Indonesia along with other CSOs collaborating trough Civil Society Coalition Against Mining Mafia to reveal issues related to mining operations not meeting administrative and environmental requirements set by governments, mining company operating illegally in conservation and protected forests, and massive potential state revenue losses occurring as a result of problematic mining permits.

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