This book offers experiences of community-based rights advocacy in Southeast Asia countries, such as Indonesia and Philippines. Starting with community right and the role of civil society in advocacy, this book also covers case studies in both Indonesia and Philippines as well as international practices, particularly in Australia and Norway.

Extractive industry has a huge economic value. However, it doesn’t automatically improve the livelihood of people that live around mining. Some areas are still underdeveloped, such as West Sumbawa Regency, Mimika Regency, South Bangka Regency, Morowali Regency, and West Kutai Regency. In this state, right based approach should be applied along the value chain of extractive industry.

The first is in determining the mining concession. People’s rights of secured environment and land as well as local content need to be considered. Secondly, during the operation. People should be involved in the consultation and monitoring process. And to ensure the fairness of revenue distribution from extractive industry, people also need to be given space for participation.

Thirdly, the administrative and audit capacity, also a guarantee of regularly public report. Fourthly, ensuring the revenue sharing between local and central government are conducted by the law. Last, encouraging the project evaluation of extractive industry that includes several aspects, including the estimated environmental and social impact, expected socio-economic benefits, its sustainability, as well as post-mining issues (decommissioning of oil and gas fields and post-closure monitoring).